Making A plant based Pesticide.

preparing organic pestcide - plant based pestcide

Making a plant based pesticide.

This training was facilitated by our volunteer Julia Hedberg who was working on a soil management project that aimed at improving the quality of the soil and increasing farm output. The training was conducted in in Get Smart group in Luteete village.

The training was requested by group members as a result of having grown vegetables that were being attacked by pests (worms and aphids) that were destroying the vegetables in the kitchen gardens. Among the vegetables that the group was growing include; Cabbages, Egg plants, Carrots, Sukuma wiki and beet root.

Group members locally collected inputs from bushes and their plantations since some of the inputs used to make the plant based pesticide naturally grow in these places as weeds and others grow on their own and get reserved for human consumption.

Members chose to make organic pesticides because they are safer for the environment and they don’t have any harm to their health.

The pesticides are very effective in the control of pests and they are not dangerous to livestock on the farm such as goats, chicken and others.

The organic pesticide is easy to make and it doesn’t require high capital investment in making the pesticide unlike the synthetic pesticides that are expensive which some farmers can’t afford.

How to make a plant based pesticide (CHILLI–GARLIC PESTICIDE)

To make a Chilli- Garlic pesticide, we used the following ingredients which members collected from the community.  The pesticide is called Chilli-Garlic pesticide because chilli and garlic are the main ingredients and act as repellants in the organic pestcide. This means the pesticide doesn’t kill organisms that don’t come in contact with it but instead get repelled from attacking the crop from a distance. Another key ingredient is tephrosia locaaly known as “Muluku” which kills pests that ingest the leafy parts of the crop that are sprayed with it.

Ingredients

  • 1 cup of chilli
  • 1 bar of hard white soap
  • 1 head of garlic
  • 1 kilogram of Tephrosia leaves (Muluku)
  • 20 litres of water
  • 1 jerrican of 20 litres
  • Cloth
  • Spray pump or knapsack

Instructions

  1. Chop the Tephrosia leaves into small pieces
  2. Crush the chilli and the garlic
  1. Scrape the soap into small shavings
  2. Boil 20 litres of water with the soap until it forms a “jelly” substance
  3. Add all of the other ingredients to the water (chilli, garlic, Tephrosia)
  4. Stir to mix all the ingredients well with the water
  5. Boil for 1 hour
  6. Let the solution (pesticide) set for 1 week
  7. After 1 week, filter the solution through a cloth
  8. To use the pesticide, mix at a ratio of 1:2 (1 cup of pesticide with 2 cups of water)
  9. Spray using a small spray pump or knapsack

NB: This organic pesticide can be used to control all pests and should be used within 3 weeks.

Our harvest. The plant based pesticide is effective and the results are interesting.

Below is one of the healthy cabbages we harvested after using the plant based pesticide.

 

Julia with a healthy cabbage

TIP TAPS – Making hand washing fun for little ones after toilet in Lwengo.

washing hands with a TIP TAP

Diseases like cholera, diarrhoea, influenza(flu) and common cold and worm infestation are some off the most dangerous diseases that family members face when they don’t wash their hands after visiting the toilet. Unfortunately the largest number of children under the age of 13 years suffer most from diseases that result from not washing their hands while at home or at school.This means they spend more money on avoidable diseases.

CIIRD organised a demonstration on how to make Tip taps  and how to use them in Luteete village, Kkingo Subcounty, Lwengo district. Eight children from six(6) households actively participated and also helped out in the establishment of the tap. All the 6 households have established their own tip taps already and we are spreading the use of the tip taps to the whole village of Luteete.

the use of the tip taps will help to improve personal hygiene and improve the culture of hand washing among children and thus avoid diseases.

What you need to make a tip tap.

  1. Three small sticks/poles
  2. Two nails
  3. A string (about 1 metre long)
  4. A panga
  5. A three or five litre jerrycan
  6. A hummer/big stone
  7. Foot pedal(2ft long stick)
  8. Stones/gravel (about 30 pieces)

How to make a tip tap.

  • Cut two sticks to a height of 3.5 ft and one piece to a length of 2ft.
  • Make two small holes(0.5ft deep) in the ground with a spacing of 2ft from one another.
  • Place the 3.5 ft long sticks in the holes and fix them into the ground firmly.
  • Fix the 2ft long stick in top of the ones that are fixed in the ground with 1 nail on each side.
  • Make 2 small holes about 1 inch from the base of the handle of the jerrycan(1 hole on each of the large sides of the jerrican) These are going to be the swinging points of the jerrycan for it to tilt easily.
  • Put a string through the holes made on each of the large sides of the jerrican, to tie on either ends of the vertical poles.
  • Make 2-3 small holes about 1 inch below the lid of the jerrycan. these are going to make the outlet of the water.
  • Attaching a foot pedal. Tie one end of the 1 metre long string on the pedal of the jerrycan and tie the other end to a foot handle(a small stick) that should be 0.5 ft from the ground at the point where the string is attached to the pedal and it should be touching the ground on the other end.
  • Make a small pit  between the poles and fill it with gravel. This will drain the water while washing the hands to avoid wetting the ground.

How does the tap make hand washing fun?

After one has visited and used the toilet, they simply press down the (foot pedal) stick that is held by a string to the jerrycan using  a foot which tilts the jerrycan holding water, poring it to the waiting hands below it. You don’t need to touch the jerrycan.

this is not only fun to the users but also a hygienic technique that prevents users from touching the water container with their unhygienic hand just after visiting the toilets.

IT WAS FUN MAKING TIP TAPS AND IT IS MORE FUN USING THEM!

Picture3

CIIRD is Conserving the environment with the little ones in Kkingo.

Community Initiative for Integrated Rural DevelOpment is a community based organisation in kkingo that is conserving the environment through tree planting with children in Kkingo Subcounty, Lwengo district.

In the tree planting campaign that was organised by CIIRD, was attended by children and community members who planted trees around the Subcouty head quarters, in their school compound and they also took a tree home. Over 1350 trees were distributed to community members that participated in the tree planting campaign to plant back home on their farm lands.

“When my tree grows big in the future, i want it to give me shade at school” said Annet Nakachwa, 12.

Watchout for our next tree planing campaign in May 2017.

This slideshow requires JavaScript.