To bring about lasting impact among communities and the people we are working with, we chose to integrate three broad areas(environment, agriculture and social development) to come up with one approach that captures all three areas. This approach is Agroforestry.
What is Agroforestry? Integration of environment, agriculture, and social development. With the full participation of the community, we can find lasting solutions through agroforestry.
This is a collection sustainable land-use systems and practices where woody perennials are deliberately integrated with crops and/or animals on the same land management unit.
Agriculture is the backbone of the economic activity in Uganda. 78% of Ugandans reside in rural areas.
Small holder farmers in rural areas like Lwengo still don’t carry out agriculture as a business but for subsistence purposes such as feeding their families and meeting a few basic needs.
This is still like this because these farming communities are faced with a number of challenges such as:
- Use of poor farming methods that exploit and exhaust farmland resources.
- The dramatic changes in climatic patterns of the region over the past years that have left local smallholder farmers unable to cope up with the changes and harsh effects such as prolonged drought.
- Pests and diseases that are now common and highly destructive to farm crops and some animals.
- Extreme poverty among smallholder farmers that due to loss of their farm investments such as crops and livestock due to the harsh weather and changes in the normal seasons.
- Improving farming methods for food and nutrition security
- Promoting farming as a business through smallholder farm enterprises
- Agriculture methods that ensure sustainable use and management of farmland soil structure
The farming activity in Lwengo district is suffering immensely due to climate change. Over 96% of agricultural activities in Uganda rely solely on two rainy seasons throughout the year.
100% of the smallholder farming activities depend solely on prevailing environmental conditions to grow their family’s food, feed their livestock or get fuel resources to prepare family meals.
Limited forests within the district has led farmers to clear trees on their farmlands for timber, fuel and income. As a result, thousands of hectares of farmland are bare and thus, unable to support farming activities.
- Promoting tree integration on farmlands to reduce land degradation
- Planting trees on farmlands for improved supply of wood, fodder, medicine, income and other social benefits
- Introduce sustainable cooking devices that reduce wood fuel wastage
Lwengo is one of the districts that still have a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS among residents, especially among women and youth. In many families, domestic violence and other forms of gender based violence the norm.
Women located within the villages have difficulty supporting their own livelihoods. With limited education regarding HIV and AIDS, they are an at-risk group.
- Sensitise communities on HIV/AIDS prevention among farmers and youth
- Sensitise communities on basic human rights and how to end gender based violence
- Improve handicraft projects to empower local women to be economically sustainable